150 one liners in Pathology for NEET PG & AIIMS

 

 

1. Acrocentric Chromosomes are — 13 , 14 , 15 , 21 , 22 , Y
2. An amoebic abscess sometimes associated with liver abscess: Entamoeba histolytica
3. MOST PATHOLOGICAL of enteric amoeba? Entamoeba histolytica
4. An antibody that binds to thyroid cells to mimic trophic stimulating action of pituitary hormone which is seen in Graves disease? LATS (long acting thyroid stimulator)
5. Area of heart most frequently affected in syphilitic heart disease? Aortic valve
6. Area of inflammation when one is suffering from Vincent’s angina? Mouth
7. Area where diagnostic Koplik spots are found? Buccal mucosa
8. A viral disease in which Koplik spots are seen Measles
9. Area where highly infectious condylomata lata may be found? Vulva
10.  Associated with acute yellow atrophy? Viral hepatitis
11.  Associated with portal cirrhosis, degeneration of lenticular nuclei and Keyser Fletcher rings on periphery of cornea? WIlson’s disease
12.  Associated with variola (smallpox) infection? Guarneri bodies
13.  Bone tumor that has male preponderance, cause night-pain that is relieved by Aspirin. Osteoid osteoma
14.  Bone tumor that occur before the fusion of epiphysis and are usually metaphyseal in location. Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABC)
15.  Buckshot appearance (Pagetoid cells) are seen in Superficial spreading melanoma
16.  Can cause congenital anomalies of different kinds seen in developing fetus? Rubella
17.  Can cause Hutchinson’s teeth? Congenital syphilis
18. Cause of meningitis in defect of complement system C5-8 and properdin system Meningococcus
19. Cause of meningitis in Congenital / acquired defect across mucocutaneous barrier Pneuococcal
20. Cause of meningitis in T.Lymphocte defect Listeria
21. Cause of meningitis in Lumbosacral Myelomeningocele and Dermal sinus Staphylococcus ; Enteric bacteria
22. Cause of meningitis in Penetrating CNS trauma ; CSF shunt infection Coagulase –ve Staph.
23. Cause of meningitis in Recurrent meningitis in CSF leak patients Pneumococcal
24. Caused by ischemia? Decubitus ulcers
25. Caused by streptococcal anaerobes? Erysipelas
26. Cause of subacute bacterial endocarditis? Strep viridans
27. Causes chicken pox and shingles secondarily after hibernating in the DRG? Herpes virus
28. Characteristically found in lesions of actinomycosis; in cattle called “lumpy jaw”? Sulfur granules
29. Characteristically shows hemorrhage as main pathology? Bubonic plague
30. Characteristic giant cell found in a tuberculosis lesion? Epitheloid
31. Characteristic local lesion of diptheria? Pseudomembrane
32. Characteristic structures seen in cells infected by rabies virus, represent aggregates of protein? Negri bodies (type of Inclusion bodies)
33. Characterized by necrosis with subacute and chronic granulomatous lesions in lymph nodes, liver, spleen and lungs – transmission by wild RABBITS? Tularemia
34. Characterized by Reed Sternberg cells? Hodgkins lymphoma
35. Chlamydial (bacterial) infection causing a form of pneumonia; is contracted by birds (parrots)? Psittacosis (ornithosis)
36. Classical term used for description of primary syphilitic chancre? Painless
37. A condition characterized by purplish nodes resembling bruises which may occur in AIDS? Karposi’s sarcoma
38. Condition in which toxin ingestion causes symptoms and pathology, can be from wounds or foods? Botulism
39. Condition of necrotic damage, specific to muscle tissue. It is often seen in infections with Clostridium perfringens or many soil-borne anaerobic bacteria? Gas gangrene
40. A condition which precedes spinal epidural infection? Septicemia
41. Confirmatory test for HIV infection? Western blot
42. Demonstrate pathogenicity because of capsular material? Anthrax, strep pneumo, klebsiella pneumo
43. Due to microbes (bacteria or viruses) and associated with chills and fever? Septicemia
44. During osteomyelitis, the dead bone is separated from the live bone by osteoclasts in process called? Sequestrum
45. Elevate eosinophils (granulocyctic WBCs)? Parasitic infections
46. Enyzme produced by certain bacteria for the purpose of invasion; part of matrix found between cells and associated with connective tissue areas? Hyaluronidase
47. Example of caseous necrosis? TB
48. Excessive amounts of hemosiderin accumulation? Hemochromatosis
49. Favorite anatomical foci of staph infection, also the most common cause of wound infections in hospitals? Hair follicles
50. The first symptom of thromboangitis obliterans is? Itching

 

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