Osteochondrosis: important points and eponyms

Classification of Osteochondrosis

Old classifications:

  1. Burrows’s classification: He divided into Pressure, traction, and atavistic types.
  2. Goff’s classification: He classified into compression, tension, and atavistic types.

These systems were inadequate.


Siffer’s Classification:

Siffer proposed a classification that divided osteochondroses into articular, nonarticular, and physeal types; this schema is largely accepted today.


  1. Articular osteochondroses exhibit the following characteristics:
  • Primary involvement of the articular and epiphyseal cartilage and a subjacent endochondral ossification center – Freiberg disease [4]
  • Secondary involvement of the articular and epiphyseal cartilage as a consequence of ischemic necrosis of subjacent bone – Perthes disease, Köhler disease, osteochondritis dissecans
  1. Nonarticular osteochondroses occur at the following locations:
  • Tendinous attachments – Osgood-Schlatter syndrome, Monde-Felix disease
  • Ligamentous attachments – Vertebral ring
  • Impact sites – Sever disease
  1. Physeal osteochondroses involve the following:
  • Long bones – Tibia vara (Blount disease)
  • Scheuermann disease


Few important Eponyms of osteochonrosis of different bones.

  1. osteochondritis of the capitulum of humerus – panner’s disease
  2. osteochondritis of the lunate bone – keinbock’s disease
  3. osteochondritis of the femoral head – perthe’s disease .
  4. osteochondritis of the tibial tubercle – osgood shlatter’s disease
  5. osteochondritis of the calcaneal tuberosity – sever’s disease
  6. osteochondritis of the navicular bone – kohler’s disease
  7. osteochondritis of the metatarsal head – freiberg’s disease
  8. osteochondritis of the ring epiphysis of the vertebrae – scheurmann’ s disease
  9. osteochondritis of the central bony nucleus of vertebral body – calve’s disease .


More eponyms and details in the PDF file:


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